Language: Spanish, Quechua, other indigenous languages
Religion: Over 90% Roman Catholic, small minority of other Christian
Racial breakdown: 40% Mestizo,
40% Indian, 15% Spanish descent, 5% African descent
Age breakdown: 0-14 years: 35% (male 2,250,690; female 2,172,302)
15-64 years 60% (male 3,745,390; female 3,833,841) 65 years and over:
5% (male 261,090; female 299,183) (1999)
Population density: 42 people per sq. km. (one of the highest
in South America)
Population growth rate: 2%
Birth rate: 22.26 births /1,000 population (1999)
Death rate: 5.06 deaths /1,000 population (1999)
President: Lucio Gutierrez
GDP: US$58.7 billion
GDP per person: US$4,800
Legislative branch: The National Congress has 82 seats
Independance: Gained independance from Spain, 24 may 1822
Administrative divisions: Ecuador has 22 provinces: Coast:
Guayas, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Los Ríos and Manabí. Highlands:
Azuay, Bolívar, Cañar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi,
Imbabura, Loja, Tungurahua and Pichincha. Rainforest:
Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Sucumbíos and Zamora-Chinchipe.Galápagos
Islands: Galápagos Archipielago de Colón
Major trading partners: US, Latin America, Europe, Asia, Caribbean
Major industries: Oil, bananas, shrimp, fish, coffee, textiles,
metal work, paper products, wood products, chemicals, plastics,
Time: GMT/UTC minus 5 hours
Electricity : 10/120V AC 60 Hz
Int. Dialing Code : Country 593, Quito 02, Guayaquíl 04, Cuenca
Driving license: International driving license is required.
Weight and Measurement : Metric system
National Anthem : Written by Antonio Neumane and considered
one of the best written (music and lyrics in the world). Click
here to read the lyrics in Spanish and English.
There is a really wide selection of foods here, but you have
to try some of the local dishes. Click here
for more info about the food in Ecuador.
Driving Distances: Click here
to see a table of driving distances between 20 cities in Ecuador.
No innoculations are required for entry. However, it is reccomended
to get vaccinations for hepatitis A and B, typhoid, and there is
a minor risk of cholera and rabies. It is strongly recommended to
get a yellow fever vaccination if you plan to visit the rainforest
during rainy season.
domestic departure taxes.
Departure Tax, US$25 dollars is charged for international flights
departing from Ecuador but there is no departure tax for flights
within the country.
packages tour have already included hotel taxes (12%) and service
Park tax US$ 80 Other National Parks tax US$ 20 except for the
following: El Angel, Pululahua, Cotopaxi, Boliche, Chimborazo
and Cajas which charge US$ 10.
Always carry your passport while travelling on a bus to another
city in Ecuador, as military and police check points are semi-frequent
and sometimes there could be trouble if you are caught without your
documents. However, if you are staying in Quito, Guayaquil or another
large city for an extended period, it is reccommended that you carry
only a copy of your passport. For a reasonable fee most foreign
embassies provide their citizens with an "official" copy
of their passport that is recognized by Ecuadorian law. Check with
your embassy or consulate
for details. Also, report lost or stolen passports immediately to
your embassy or consulate.